Drug and Alcohol Deaddiction Centre Ahmedabad


Smoking is the single most important preventable cause of mortality and morbidity. Approximately 75 %  smokers express their desire to quit smoking.Half of them (33 % of total smokers) go on to make a quit attempt each year but only a small proportion of it  - about 5% - quit smoking successfully.

Just like many other addictions most smokers think that they can stop smoking without any help.But a number of studies suggest that Smokers who quit smoking with specialist support and medication are up to four times more likely to successfully quit and  remain abstinent compared to smokers who stop without any professional help.This means stop smoking services are quite effective and they deliver life saving interventions by preventing adverse consequences of smoking.

A lot of people think women find it harder to stop smoking than men, this is not normally true. Men and women find it equally difficult to quit smoking. However, women are more likely than men to access stop smoking services.

Smoking is the primary cause for millions deaths worldwide, and results in the early death of  50 % of smokers who do not quit smoking.

Smoking is the cause of long-term illness and disability in many smokers, including those that ultimately die from something else other than their smoking.




Smoking Cessation Programme: 

Quit smoke smoking Cessation Programme is a programme designed  to help people who want to get rid of habbit of smoking.It can also help people using tobacco in other forms like gutakha,khaini etc.

Its an out patient treatment programme and hospitalization is not required.


What does the program includes?


Each smoker is an individual with a unique tobacco-use history,personality make up and lifestyle r and our proramme is customised to individiual requirements.

It includes:

  • Assessment and evaluation 
  • Behavioural therapy and Counselling support
  • Prescription medicines (as per individual need)
           -Bupropion    
           -Varenicline(Champix)

           -Nortryptilline
  • Nicotine replacement therapy (as per individual need)
          -Nicotine gums
          -Nicotine lozenges
          -Nicotine patches
  •  Treatment of comorbid psychiatric conditions


    Duration : 2 to 6 months (avg. 3 months)
 
 

Health hazards of smoking :


Cancer

Lung cancer-The risk of lung cancer is 15 times greater for a smoker than a non-smoker. The risk accumulates over time and is directly related to daily cigarette consumption and how long someone has been smoking.
About one in eight smokers who do not quit will die of lung cancer.

Other cancers
As carcinogens in cigarette smoke are ingested, dispersed and eliminated throughout the body, smoking is linked to a large number of cancers other than lung cancer, including
  • Throat and mouth cancer 
  •  Bladder cancer 
  •  Kidney cancer
  • Stomuch  cancer
  • Pancreas cancer 


Cardiovascular disease


Cardiovascular disease (such as heart attacks and strokes) is responsible for  around 25 %  of all smoking-related deaths.

The average smoker has double  risk of  having heart disease prematurely compared to someone who has never smoked, and even light smokers have  increased risk of  developing cardiovascular disorders.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)


In this disease the lungs lose their capacity to transfer oxygen to the blood.

Around 20 % of deaths related to smoking are secondary to COPD.

COPD is easy to detect at an early stage through spirometry (a test to measure lung function), and  stopping smoking is one of the most important intervention to prevent its progress.

Other diseases and conditions

-Age-related hearing loss 
-Crohn’s disease and inflammatory bowel disease 
-Type 2 diabetes  
-Osteoporosis  
-Smokers undergoing surgery are at an increased risk of complications from anesthesia -Smokers are more vulnerable to post-surgical complications and delayed wound healing.

 

Health benefits of stopping smoking


It can be motivating for smokers to have information on the benefits of stopping.For smokers that quitting is the best thing they can do for their current and future health.

It is important for young smokers to realise that they have most to gain by stopping now. Stopping smoking increases life expectancy at every age but the earlier the smoker stops the better; quitting at age 35 adds an average of 10 years, while quitting at 65 adds 3 years of life.

Stopping smoking at any age will lead to improvements in physical and mental health.

  •    The risk of lung cancer stops increasing when smokers stop smoking.
  •    The increased risk of heart disease diminishes by 50% within the first year of quiting smoking. 
  •    The rate of progression for COPD is substantially slowed once a smoker stops smoking 
  •    Ex-smokers report being healthier, happier and having greater life satisfaction than smokers. 
  •    The average smoker saves over  40000  to  80000  Rs. per year if they quit.


Alternative Names
Smokeless tobacco - stop smoking programs; Stop smoking techniques; Smoking cessation programs; Smoking cessation techniques